Read this to learn where CBD oil comes from and how Hemp cultivators and processors make CBD.
From enormous, industrial processors to DIY homemakers, this article covers how CBD oil is made.
Get to know more about hemp from seed to shelf and learn how CBD oil is made.
You’ll learn a bit more about the hemp plant, and what is needed to create great, high quality finished CBD oil.
At its core, making CBD oil isn’t such a complicated process.
However, at scale, the process of making CBD oil becomes a bit more complex.
We’ll cover both ends of the spectrum and by the end of this article, you’ll know all about how CBD oil is made.
Let’s get started!
CBD Hemp Genetics
No matter how refined the processing technique for CBD oil gets, quality is always found at the source, hemp flowers.
CBD oil will only be as good as the hemp it’s made from.
Genetics and cultivation methods ultimately determine the final quality and chemical composition of a hemp crop used for making CBD oil.
The primary source of CBD and other cannabinoids comes from the resins and oils found within mature hemp flowers.
The majority of cannabinoid content isn’t even synthesized until the final weeks of the plant’s maturity.
Inferior cultivation methods and hemp genetics ultimately lead to a lower quality CBD oil.
Keep reading to learn how CBD-rich hemp is processed and extracted from the resinous flowers.
How CBD Oil Is Made At Home
There are many ways to make CBD oil.
From the DIY at home CBD butter to large-scale industrial hemp processors, the premise is more or less the same.
Generally, once CBD-rich hemp is ready to be harvested it can be dried and cured, or it can go through a “live” extraction process where the CBD-rich hemp flowers are processed when they are still fresh.
On a small scale, such as at home, CBD oil is usually made by double-broiling dried CBD-rich flowers in healthy edible oil or butter for four or more hours.
This allows the oily cannabinoids and terpenes to separate from the plant material and absorb it into the oil or butter.
Afterward, the plant material is filtered out leaving just the beneficial hemp compounds and edible oil or butter.
This produces CBD-rich oil, but at a larger scale, processors typically using a solvent to strip the cannabinoids from the plant material to create concentrated CBD or CBD extract.
CBD-Rich Hemp Extract
Regardless if the CBD flowers are dry or fresh, all extraction methods require separating the beneficial compounds from the unwanted plant materials.
This typically employs utilizing heat or cold, pressure, and a solvent, such as ethanol or CO2 that can later be purged, evaporated and filtered from the final oil.
Ethanol and supercritical CO2 extraction are considered the safest and cleanest forms of solvent-based extraction.
In these methods, CBD-rich hemp flowers are essentially mixed with an extraction solvent that strips the plant material of its beneficial compounds.
The solvent, along with unwanted, waxy plant compounds, is filtered and removed to produce CBD extract.
Advanced hemp processing equipment can even isolate individual CBD, THC, and other molecules by weight and volatility.
Making CBD Oil
At this final stage of the CBD oil process, any remaining chemical solvent residue, heavy metals, and any other potential contaminants, such as mold, are filtered out at a molecular level.
At this point, we have what’s known as CBD concentrate or CBD extract.
It’s rich in CBD and other beneficial hemp compounds, but in this state, it’s highly concentrated, viscous, and sticky.
To manufacture various types of CBD consumer products such as CBD oil, raw CBD extract is diluted into carrier oils including MCT coconut oil, hemp seed oil, olive oil, and other healthy edible oils.
Using clean, raw CBD extract allows producers to craft specific potencies and formulations of CBD oil. But before it ever gets to the consumer, CBD extracts and CBD oil are chemically analyzed to validate potency and purity.
Always double-check the third-party lab results of CBD oil before buying CBD online to verify CBD content and that the product has been tested for any potential contaminants.
Learn More About CBD
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